|Personal health condition of the patients after ocular prosthetics|| |
|Barash A.1,2, Sharshakova T.1, Shilova N.3, Malinivski G.4, Kotovich V.2|
|1Gomel State Medical University, Gomel, Belarus, 2Clinical Maternity Hospital of the Minsk Region, Gomel, Belarus, 3Clinical Maternity Hospital of the Minsk Region, Minsk, Belarus, 4Belarusian Medical Academy for Post-Graduate Education, Minsk, Belarus|
|Purpose: To study personal health condition by estimation and comparison of quality of life (QL) and psychological assessment of personality type after ocular prosthetics.|
Methods: 128 patients, 75 men and 53 women have participated in the research, average age is 49 years. For assessing of QL of patients after ocular prosthetics the questionnaire of "SF-36" was used. For assessing the influence on the social status of the patient, situation in society was estimated by Serdyuk's questionnaire. MMPI-short form was used for estimating of personality type after ocular prosthetics.Data collection was carried out by questioning patients directly.
Results: The research has shown that removal of an eyeball is a severe psychological, moral and physical injury for patients, especially for women (p< 0,05). A physical and psychological components of health are decreasing in comparison with healthy people (p< 0,05). Signs of social disadaptation are revealed almost to a half of the patients. The research is revealed the pathological sensitive and disturbing profile of the personality such properties as hypochondria, emotional lability, nervousness, anxiety, tearfulness, tension, tendency to sharp experience of failures of 46% of the patients. Patients are inclined to development of psychosomatic disorders.
Conclusions: To increase efficiency of rehabilitation of the persons who have ocular prosthetics and for the solution of a wide range of the problems of psychological and social contents arising in connection with enucleation/an evisceration and having an artificial eye, it is reasonable to combine medical treatment with the methods of psychological correction and psychotherapy. The obtained data can be considered as "targets" or "points of application" for psychotherapeutic influence in the course of medical and social rehabilitation for each patient individually.
Alisa Barash , Gomel State Medical University , Gomel , Belarus
Assigned in sessions:
16.06.2019, 10:00-11:30, Free Papers/Rapid Fire, FP15, Oculoplastics, Refractive Surgery, Galliéni 1+2